Diabetes Treatment And prevention
PC. Luis Quiroz Ravines
When blood glucose levels are above normal values it is said diabetes disease is present. Most food we eat is converted in the body into sugar or glucose to generate energy body. The hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas, facilitates the transport of glucose into body cells. When the body can not use its own insulin or does not produce enough the person suffers from diabetes due to the accumulation of blood sugar.
When the immune system attacks permanently and disables the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas, is said to be a diabetes type 1 and corresponds to approximately 5 to 10% of diagnosed cases.
Type 2 diabetes is usually established over the years and begins when cells and muscles do not respond to signals glucose insulin. In response, the body produces more insulin and eventually this insulin production runs and fails causing diabetes type 2.
In the United States, more than 24 million have diabetes and some six million are unaware they have the disease. If the progression of diabetes in the United States continues at the current rate, by 2050 there will be about 48 million diabetics and worldwide 439 million diabetics by 2030 is estimated.
Diabetes treatment- Alternatives
Diabetes treatment may require the multiple contests of several professionals, in addition to your doctor specialist in diabetes treatment, usually an endocrinologist. May also include a nutritionist, an ophthalmologist, a standing physician. Diabetes should not be treated on yours own because it is a serious illness.
Close monitoring of blood sugar levels and proper medication regimen, proper diet and exercise are critical.
Diabetes treatment-type 2 diabetes
Exercise and diet for some people are enough to keep the disease under control. Other people will need an oral drug and even insulin.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes uses various medications including:
Repaglinide (Prandin), glimepiride, (Amaryl), chlorpropamide (Diabinese) glipizide (Glucotrol), glyburide (Diabeta, Micronase), nateglinide (Starlix, medicines that allow the pancreas to increase insulin production.
Also used are medicines that reduce the absorption of sugar by the intestines, such as miglitol (Glyset) and acarbose (Precose)
To improve the way the body uses insulin, rosiglitazone (Avandia) or pioglitazone (Actos)
To reduce the production of sugar from the liver or to increase insulin production in the pancreas, drugs such as sitagliptin (Januvia) includingalbiglutide (Tanzeum), linagliptin (Tradjenta), lixisenatide (Adlyxin) and others
Diabetes treatment with drugs that block glucose reabsorption and increase urine such as empagliflozin (gardening), canagliflozin (Invokana), dapagliflozin (phlegm).
A synthetic injectable hormone is also used to lower blood sugars, such as Pramlintide (Symlin)
Diabetes treatment-type 1 diabetes
If the pancreas no longer produces insulin, you will need insulin in the form of injections or the use of a continuous pump.
There are 5 types of injectable insulin:
• Rapid-acting (taking effect in a few minutes and lasting 2-4 hours)
• Regular or short duration (which takes effect in 30 minutes and lasts 3-6 hours)
• Intermediate-acting (taking effect in 1-2 hours and lasting up to 18 hours)
• Long-lasting (lasting 1-2 hours and lasting more than 24 hours)
• Ultra-long action (taking effect in 1-2 hours and 42 hours in duration.
Each treatment adapts to the person and is regulated according to what he or she eats, to exercise, even to illness and stress.
Diabetes treatment- nutrition
For people who have diabetes, a balanced diet is vital and this should be coordinated with your nutritionist or your doctor.
As important as what you eat, is when and how much you eat. To regulate your glucose levels and keep it at the right levels, a healthy balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats in your daily diet is essential. You have to avoid trans fats and your diet should not include more than 7% saturated fats. Also controlling your weight is critical. A low calorie, carbohydrate and fat diet will help you achieve your ideal weight.
Exercise and a lifestyle change are also very important. Treatment for diabetes requires discipline and persistence.
Serious consequences of diabetes
Most people ignore the very serious consequences of diabetes on quality of life and health. Diabetes can severely damage the eyes, heart, kidneys, blood vessels and cause the heart attack or stroke.
Incorrectly glucose used by the body, metabolized rather it accumulates in the blood causing inflammation and degenerative kidney problems. It originates diabetic nephropathy and kidney transplant patient will need or permanent dialysis.
Blindness or visual impairment.
Diabetes causes increased pressure in the eye that causes visual glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and if the problem progresses, the total irreversible blindness. Other consequences are cataracts, retinal detachment, eye spills etc.
Sustained blood glucose can cause damage to the circulatory and nervous system resulting in the male erection problems and sexual dysfunction.
If you have tingling, nonhealing wounds or pain in your feet, you have the diabetic foot.
In diabetic blood does not flow properly causing accumulation of fat in the arteries and ultimately causing heart problems, limbs, and brain.
How to prevent diabetes naturally
Especially diabetes type 2 can be prevented by following simple steps like more exercise, keep weight down, not smoke and eat a healthy diet, ie make changes in lifestyle, for example:
The main cause of diabetes type 2 is excess weight. An obese person has up to 40% more likely to develop diabetes type 2 compared to a person with a healthy weight. A weight reduction of only 10% can halve the risk of developing diabetes.
Avoid processed carbohydrates and eat whole grains.
A study of 60,000 women for 18 years showed that women who consumed two to three servings of whole grains a day had 30% less chance of getting diabetes than those who rarely consumed whole grains. And to compare this study with other large studies they found that the risk of diabetes decreased to 21% in those who ate about two extra servings of whole grains.
Keep moving and turn off the television.
For lack of movement and Inactivity can originate diabetes type2. If you work your muscles improve your ability to use insulin and absorb glucose. The Nurses' Health Study recommends ½ hour walk briskly every day to reduce the risk of diabetes type 2 by up to 30%. Another study in black women suggests brisk walking a half hour, 5 days a week.
Television is another activity harmful to health, especially for the onset of diabetes type 2. Two hours of television increases the risk of diabetes by 20% and 15% in heart disease.
If you smoke is 50% more likely to develop diabetes and if you are a heavy smoker your risk is higher.
Reduce consumption of high-glycemic foods
Such as white rice, white bread, bagels, mashed potatoes etc. These foods cause spikes in blood sugar and insulin levels increase. In Shangay, for example, women consuming high amounts of rice have 21% increased the risk of diabetes type 2 than women who eat less rice.
Limit intake of red meat and choose fish, poultry, and nuts.
There is increasing evidence that consumption of red meat increases the risk of diabetes, consuming even small amounts.
Researchers studied 440,000 people, of whom 28,000 developed diabetes by the daily consumption of a 3-ounce serving of red meat. And consumption of processed meats such as hot dogs increased the risk of diabetes by 51%,
Disregard sugary drinks and consume water or tea instead.
Sugary drinks, like refined grains, have a high glycemic Content will do which is associated with an increased risk of diabetes. A study Nurses' Health Study II states that women who drink one or more sugary drinks have 83 percent higher risk of developing diabetes than women who avoid or consume less sugary drinks. Healthy drinks or juices have the same effect as sugary drinks and increase the risk of diabetes by 25%. Drinking water is a great choice even drink tea or coffee are good substitutes.
Eat good fats and avoid bad fats.
Polyunsaturated fats from liquid vegetable oils, seeds and nuts can help prevent diabetes type 2. Conversely trans or saturated fat as margarine, increase the risk of diabetes.
Some alcohol can help.
There is evidence that moderate alcohol consumption can reduce the risk of heart disease and prevent diabetes 2. Up to two drinks a day for men and one drink per day for women improves the performance of insulin and glucose into cells carry. Some studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption reduces the risk of diabetes type 2.
Insomnia and poor sleep quality increase the risk of diabetes and obesity. After noon avoid caffeine
Intense stress releases hormones that increase blood sugar and can lead to diabetes.
In short, the prevention of diabetes can be reduced to stay active and stay slim.
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NOTE: Luis Quiroz Ravines is a Peruvian journalist specializing in natural health, author of an effective treatment to lose weight naturally. Learn MORE at weightlossperuvianrecipe.com/